How to Identify the Supporting Points of Text
A large body of text usually consists of the main idea. The main idea is the general theme and message of the text. It is what the entire text is based on. Usually, people pay more attention to the main idea of a text. However, supporting points are what gives importance to the main idea. Supporting points or supporting details are information pieces that let you focus on the authenticity of the main point. Without the supporting details, the main idea would have no importance. This is because supporting details prove the main idea of the text.
Supporting details or supporting points may seem like simple terms, but it is highly essential that you understand and look for them in a text to completely comprehend the meaning of it. Here are a few ways that will help you identify supporting points of a text.
Look for Statements of Fact
A statement of fact is simply a statement that has been consistent and been proven. It has enough evidence to support its authenticity and effectiveness. A statement of fact is a universal truth and verifiable. It does not contain ambiguity. These statements are an important element of supporting detail because they add to the truthfulness of the main idea. Whenever you are reading a text; pay attention to the factual statements.
Look for Statistics and Data
Statistics and data are also an important element of the supporting details. They contain true facts and figures regarding a topic. Statistics and data give a clear representation of how the main topic has been affecting the world.
Examples are also a huge element of the supporting points. They let you examine the effects regarding the main topic and idea. Whenever you are given a huge body of text to comprehend, look for examples. They contain a lot of supporting details for your understanding.
All of the texts that you read everywhere, be it in textbooks, newspapers, articles, blogs or even a simple paragraph have a topic, main idea and supporting details that prove to be textual evidence of the main idea. The topic is a theme or broad open statement. The main idea is the heart of the passage and it tells who or what the passage is about.
Then there are supporting ideas in the texts which link us to the main idea in a way that it proves the main idea and tells us more about it. Identifying the supporting details helps us understand the point the writer is trying to express. Identifying the connection between the main idea and the supporting detail will help you understand the text better.
Supporting details act as textual evidence and identifying it should not be difficult. They contain major and minor details that make up the entire paragraph and link it to the topic sentence. Supporting details can be any piece of information that expands and elaborate on the main idea.
When the main idea is not clear or is implied, supporting points help in determining what the writer is trying to convey. These supporting ideas can be facts pertaining to the topic, data and statistics, reasons, examples to give a clear picture of the main idea, expert testament, and definitions and will also compare and contrast details for the reader to understand the message of the writer. Supporting details are important as they give substance to the main idea and sell the main idea to the readers. Without supporting points in a text, the writer cannot prove his point to the reader, and the text remains invalid and unreliable for the reader.