Forms of Energy Worksheets:
What is Energy? –
Energy is most simply understood as the ability to do work. All living things
use energy to maintain life, grow, change, and move. We use energy to
prepare meals, to travel in a car, and to brush our teeth.
Biomass Energy –
Biomass is plant or animal matter that can be converted to energy. The
reason that biomass can be converted to energy is because it contains
stored energy that originated from the sun.
Geothermal Energy –
Geothermal energy is considered a renewable energy source because
the Earth is always being warmed by its core. It is also a very clean energy
in that using it has a negligible impact on the environment.
Solar Energy –
The technology behind solar panels is called Solar Photovoltaic (PV). Solar
PV generates energy by converting solar radiation (i.e., sunlight) into
direct current electricity using semiconductors.
Hydro means water. Hydropower is power that is generated using energy
from moving water. Hydropower is considered a renewable energy
source because the water is not used up as it is used like is the case with
coal or oil.
Wave and Tidal Energy –
Wave energy is energy harnessed from the movement of the waves on
the ocean. Waves are created when wind moves across the ocean's
surface. A great deal of energy is stored in waves.
Wind Energy –
Wind power is generated by harnessing the energy of the wind. Wind
power is considered a renewable source of energy because the wind
cannot be used up, like coal and oil.
Kinetic Energy –
Kinetic energy is the opposite of potential energy. Potential energy is the
result of an object's position or state. For example, an object on a high
shelf has potential energy that becomes kinetic energy when it falls off the
Potential Energy –
Potential energy has an inverse relationship with kinetic energy. The more
kinetic energy an object gains, the less potential energy it has. A classic
example to explain the relationship between potential energy and kinetic
energy is the roller coaster example.
Chemical Energy –
Chemical energy is energy that is stored in the bonds of atoms and
molecules. Chemical energy is released during a chemical reaction,
when atoms are rearranged as a result of chemical change.