This culture is famed for the unique art and innovative architecture often built directly into natural occurring features of Earth. This was the largest empire ever seen throughout history to inhabit the Americas. The largest settlement of Incan people was known as Machu Picchu. This settlement was home to just over a thousand people and was a sacred Incan site. These worksheets explore the core foundations and experiences of the ancient Inca civilization.
Inca is a pre-Columbian civilization. This empire was built in the Andes of South America. The word Inca itself means the king or the emperor of the people of Inca. The Inca Empire is known as the largest empire of America. The Inca Empire existed before Christopher Columbus discovered America.
The Inca civilization was built along the western coast of South America. It existed for almost a hundred years. The Spanish invasion in the 1960s was the reason for its downfall. The main city of the Inca Empire was Cusco. It is now southern Peru. All the main politics and administration was held in this area. It was also the military center of the Inca Empire. Sapa Inca was the ruler of this civilization. This emperor commanded formations of many bridges and roads that made the communication much easier.
These people were very intelligent as they were able to build ways of communications like roads and bridges without any horses, irons, or wheeled vehicles. They also did not have any written language. They built great cities and temples. Their terraced farms were excellent. The emperors of this civilization changed from time to time until the Spanish conquered this area.
The beginning of the Inca Empire was around 1197. It was built around the Lake Titicaca. In the later years, Inca was able to gain the lands of western South America. The Andean mountain regions were the center of the Incan empire; the countries that are now known as Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, Chile, and Peru.
The last emperor of the Inca Empire was Atahualpa. He was executed in the year 1533 by Francisco Pizarro, who was Spanish. This began the Spanish rule in South America.