If a vowel within a word does not generate a sound we refer to it as a short vowel. For example in the word "dig", the vowel just does not make a distinct sound. You will find more than not that words composed of three letters are ringers for containing short vowel sounds. We definitely cannot assume that just because a word is short that it will contain a short vowel. These worksheets will help students begin to write words that contain these short vowels.
Short vowel words refer to a word that does not allow the vowel in that word to make a long vowel sound. In other words, a word in which a vowel does not make a long sound is a short vowel word. An example of a short vowel word can be "bug" because it does not emphasize a long 'U' sound. Short vowel words can be three letter words or words that have more than three letters.
Writing Short Vowel Words
In spoken English, it is easy to identify short vowel word, but this may not be the case in writing which is why there is a need to identify short vowel words with a distinctive symbol. For short vowel words, you can add a short smiley over the vowel to show the reader that it has a short sound so that they may correctly pronounce the word. This mark is known as the breve mark and can be described as a u-shaped mark placed on top of the letter.
But to write down short vowel sound, you need to have slash marks before and after the short vowel letter. This means that if you identify 'alligator' as a short vowel word, then you will write the short vowel letter as ă and the short vowel sound /ă/. Similarly, for the word 'eggs', ĕ is the short vowel letter and the short vowel sound can be written as /ĕ/, for 'umbrella' the short vowel sound can be written as /ŭ/ and for the word 'octopus' the short vowel letter will have a breve on top, ŏ, and the vowel sound will be written within slash marks /ŏ/.